Computing in the
2010s

Tablets outselling laptops

In 2013, tablets will outsell laptops. Workforces are becoming increasingly more mobile and the presence of desktop computers in the office is declining.

2010: Mobile devices, Windows 8 and cloud devices

Windows 8

On 26 October 2012, Microsoft released Windows 8, which brought major changes to the platform and user interface in a bid to improve user experience across devices such as tablets.

Computing in the
2000s

Laptops outselling desktops

Global notebook PC shipments beat desktop PC shipments in Q3 2008, the first time that's happened in the computer industry.

2010: Mobile devices, Windows 8 and cloud devices

The decade of Windows

The 2000’s was a busy decade for Microsoft, who released Windows XP, Vista and 7. In late 2013, Windows 7’s desktop OS share was 46%, followed by XP at 31% and Windows 8 at 9%.

Computing in the
1990s

The birth of Microsoft Office

Microsoft launched “The Microsoft Office for Windows” on 19 November 1990, comprising of Word 1.1, Excel 2.0 and PowerPoint 2.0.

2010: Mobile devices, Windows 8 and cloud devices

Hotmail was launched commercially

Launching commercially on 4 July 1996, Hotmail gave users the ability to access their inbox from anywhere in the world. The limit for free storage was 2MB, and by December 1997 Hotmail reported having more than 8.5 million subscribers.

Computing in the
1980s

The Sinclair ZX80 mass released

Sinclair developed the ZX80, a ‘mini-sized’ (20×20 cm) home computer with a multifunctional waterproof keyboard. It was the first computer to sell for under £100.

2010: Mobile devices, Windows 8 and cloud devices

Birth of the modern internet

In 1982, the internet protocol TCP/IP was standardised, allowing the introduction of the concept of a worldwide network of interconnected TCP/IP networks, referred to as The Internet.

Computing in the
1970s

Microsoft and Apple founded

Microsoft was founded on 4 April 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. Apple Inc was founded on 1 April 1977 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne, and was incorporated nine months later.

2010: Mobile devices, Windows 8 and cloud devices

UNIX growing in popularity

The first commercial installation of UNI took place in 1972 in New York. During the late 1970’s the influence of Unix in academic circles led to a large scale adoption of Unix by commercial startups, including Darwin which forms the core of Apple’s OS X and iOS.

Computing in the
1960s

Intel founded

Intel was founded on 18 July 1968 by Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce. In 2011 Intel had 79.3% market share of the overall worldwide PC microprocessor market and 84.4% of the mobile PC microprocessor market.

2010: Mobile devices, Windows 8 and cloud devices

Windows 8

On 26 October 2012, Microsoft released Windows 8, which brought major changes to the platform and user interface in a bid to improve user experience across devices such as tablets.

Computing in the
1950s

UNIVAC

The UNIVAC I was the first American computer designed from the outset for business and administrative use. Owners Remington Rand joined up with CBS to correctly predict the 1952 presidential election results, contrary to the pollsters’ favorite.

2010: Mobile devices, Windows 8 and cloud devices

The Turing test

The British mathematician and computer pioneer Alan Turing published a paper describing the potential development of human and computer intelligence and communication.

Computing pre
1950s

First electronic computers

Very few electronic computers were available before 1950. Previous famous non-electronic computers, such as Turing's Enigma machine were more common during the earlier World War years.

2010: Mobile devices, Windows 8 and cloud devices

COLOSSUS

COLOSSUS was the world's first electronic computer, and was developed for British codebreakers during World War II. The Mark I prototype was operational in February 1944, but was superseded by Mark II later that year. The National Museum of Computing have since rebuilt a Mark II COLOSSUS at Bletchley Park.